North America

Team High Standard of Living

Mexico

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Environmental Status

Size:

  • 1,972,550 km2

Population Size:

  • 123,278,559

Growth Rate:

  • 1.2%

Economic Status:

  • Developing

GDP:

  • $1.288 trillion

Major Exports:

  • Manufactured Goods
  • Oil
  • Silver
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Coffee
  • Cotton

Major Imports:

  • Machinery
  • Electrical Equipment
  • Metal Parts

Energy Use:

  • Oil
  • Natural Gas
  • Heavily dependent on fossil fuels for electricity
  • Solar Power
  • Minimal coal reserves
  • Only one nuclear power plant

Carbon Footprint:

  • 445.28 Million Metric Tons CO2

Environmental Problems:

  • Deforestation/Desertification
  • Natural freshwater resources scarce and polluted
  • Serious air and water pollution in national capital and urban centers
  • Widespread erosion
  • Rural to urban migration
  • Scarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities

Biomes

Major Biomes:

  • Desert (Chihuahuan)
  • Scrub Forest
  • Boreal Forest
  • Temperate Forest
  • Subtropical Forest
  • Tropical Rain Forest
  • Grassland
Mexico%20ecosystems2.jpg

Chihuahuan Desert
Abiotic Factors:
Average Precipitation - 235 mm/year
Average Temperature - 75˚F
Soil Composition - Sand and rocks
Dominant Geographical Features - Contain several mountain ranges which create "sky islands" of cooler, wetter, climates within the desert. Such elevated areas have both coniferous and broadleaf woodlands.
Solar Radiation - Very high, especially in desert areas
Wind Patterns - Westerly winds persist for much of the year
Limiting Factors - Low rainfall, high temperatures, dry soil

500px-Lifezones_Pengo.svg.pngchihuahua-climograph.gif

Species:
Autotrophs
- Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata)
- Blue Grama (Bouteloua gracilis)
- Purple Three-awn (Aristida purpurea)
Heterotrophs
- Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
- Greater Earless Lizard (Cophosaurus texanus)
- Chricahua Elopard Frog (Rana chircahuaensis)
Endangered Species
- Mexican Prairie Dog (Cynomys mexicanus)
- American bison (Bison bison)

Major Problems:
- Urbanization
- Agriculture activities threaten native plant communities
- Resource extraction
- Lack of government protection; only a few national parks (Big Bend, Guadalupe Mountains)
- Water scarcity and pollution
- Cattle farming

http://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/na1303
http://aneyefortexas.wordpress.com/2012/07/14/the-climate-of-the-chihuahuan-desert/

United States

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Environmental Status

Size:
9,827,000 km2

Population Size:
319,112,555

Growth Rate:
0.7%

Economic Status:
Developed

GDP:
16,800,000,000,000

Major Exports:
• Machinery: $213,108,199,000 (13.5% of total exports)
• Electronic equipment: $165,604,449,000 (10.5%)
• Mineral fuels including oil: $148,426,743,000 (9.4%)
• Vehicles excluding trains and streetcars: $133,640,479,000 (8.5%)
• Aircraft and spacecraft: $115,380,944,000 (7.3%)
• Optical, technical and medical apparatus: $84,281,276,000 (5.3%)
• Pearls, precious stones, precious metals and coins: $72,830,232,000 (4.6%)
• Plastics: $60,836,970,000 (3.9%)
• Organic chemicals: $46,510,903,000 (2.9%)
Pharmaceutical products: $39,742,717,000 (2.5%)

Major Imports:
• Oil
• Machines, Engines, Pumps
• Electronic equipment
• Vehicles
• Medical, Technical Equipment
• Gems, precious metals, coins
• Pharmaceuticals
• Organic chemicals
• Furniture, lighting, signs
• Plastics

Energy Use: Electricity

Carbon Footprint: 16.16 % of the world

Major Environmental Problems: Species and ecosystem disappearance and extinction, Climate Change, Biodiversity loss

Biomes

Major Biomes:

-Arctic & Alpine Tundra
-Coniferous Forest
-Deciduous Forest
-Desert
-Prairie
-Tropical Rain Forest
-Urban Sprawl

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Abiotic Factors:

-Average Temperature: 71 F, 25 C
-Dominant Geographic Features: Rockies
-Limiting Factors: Water, Energy Sources
-Precipitation: 0.25 millimeters
-Soil Composition: gravel, sand, silt
-Solar Radiation: About 5 kWh/m/day
-Wind Patterns: Polar Front

500px-Lifezones_Pengo.svg.png
Middle to Bottomdenver-climate-graph.gif

Higher temperatures and precipitation during the summer seasons. Most rainfall occurring in early summer allowing plant growth throughout the warm months.

3 Autotrophs
-Corpse Lily
-Resurrection Fern
-Venus Fly Trap

3 Heterotrophs:
-Black Bear
-Olympic Marmot
-Roosevelt Elk

3 Decomposers
-Cockroaches
-Lactobacteria
-Wild Mushrooms

Keystone Species:
-Buffelgrass
-Pisaster Ochraceus Sea Star

Threatened/Endangered Species
-Alabama Beach Mouse
-Grizzly Bat
-Jaguar

States of Particular Biomes:
Right now, the United States is mostly in good condition, but deforestation, damage by organisms in the environment, and forest fires have caused destruction.

Canada

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Size:
• 9,984,670 km2

Population Size:

• 35,540,419

Growth Rate:

• 1.2%

Economic Status:

• Developed

GDP:
• $1.585 trillion

Major Exports:

• Cars
• Planes, Helicopters
• Coal Briquettes
• Potassic Fertilizers
• Wheat
• Aluminum
• Rapeseed
• Packaged Medicaments
• Iron Ore

Major Imports:

• Cars
• Crude Petroleum
• Delivery Trucks
• Computers
• Gold
• Packaged Medicaments
• Spark Ignition Engines
• Broadcasting Equipment
• Tractors

Energy Use:

• Oil
• Natural Gas
• Heavily dependent on fossil fuels for electricity
• Solar Power
• Large coal reserves
• Only 2 nuclear power plant
• Windsource
• Hydroelectric

Carbon Footprint:

• 747 Million Metric Tons CO2

Environmental Problems:

• Logging
• Chemical Pollution
• Seal Hunting
• Acid Mine Drainage
• Deforestation
• Invasive Species
• Poaching

Canada_Forest_Map3.gif

Abiotic Factors
• Rivers
• Lakes
• Mountains
• Rocks
• Precipitation (rain, snow, hail)
• Winter's lowest temperature in taiga is -65° and highest 30°f.
• The weather in the summer is at highest 70°f and lowest 30°f.
• The forest also has a high average amount of rain each year (40 inches).

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Tundra Climatogram

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Boreal Climatogram

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Grassland of Canada Climatogram

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Explanation:
Because the winters are so cold in Canada, even the grassland areas of Canada get extremely cold in the winter. These conditions put restrictions on a lot of crop plants and require that the plants and animals adapt to cold conditions most of the year long. Also, Many of the plants and animals have to get used to conserving energy during the day and taking in as much sunlight as possible.

Autotrophs:

  • Lodgepole Pine
  • Common Oak
  • Sitka Spruce

Heterotrophs:

  • Moose
  • Black Bear
  • Timber Wolf

Decomposers:

  • Lichen
  • Earthworms
  • Fungi

Endangered:

  • Woodland Caribou
  • Black Footed Ferret

Boreal:

In the Boreal Forest biomes there are some threats but most of the forests are left pretty well untouched. Deforestation form logging is a huge issue concerning the healthiness of the environments and if in some areas the deforestation continues species will become endangered in areas.

Ocean:

The oceans and whales around Canada are facing real threat with poaching and if the poaching continues, animals like the killer whale and beluga may become extinct from the pacific waters around Canada.

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